The Three Resume Types

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There are three basic resume types: chronological, functional, and a combination or hybrid. Whether you’re writing your first resume or updating your resume for the hundredth time, it’s important to consider which format will work the best for you.

1. Chronological

When most people think of resumes, they think of the chronological resume. The chronological format should probably be called “reverse chronological format”, as it lists each job starting with the most recent and moving backwards.

The chronological format is designed to highlight the progression and growth of a professional life. This format is the most traditional. For the job hunter, this format is the easiest to write. For the employer, this format is the easiest to follow and read. Some employers will have only ever seen this type of resume, and may be a little thrown off by a different format.

However, the chronological format can deemphasize skills and personal strengths. Because it is focused on past jobs, it can make changing careers or employment tracks more difficult. The chronological format emphasizes time and dates, which can be a big disadvantage for anyone with short-term employment or employment gaps. This can be a particular drawback for anyone who has had to take time away from working due to illness or disability. …Click to read more…

Ten Resume Quick Tips

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Your resume has about 30 seconds to make a good first impression. Keep it to one page, and make this the best single page of writing you’ve ever written. To help you in this tremendous task, here are ten resume quick tips:

  1. Proofread, and proofread again. Don’t rely on spellcheck to catch every mistake! Spellcheck can’t tell if you meant to write “oversee” or “oversea”.
  2. Read backwards. When you have read and re-read the same document, you can become too familiar with the text, and it becomes easy to miss mistakes. The second or third time you proofread, read your resume backwards, sentence by sentence. Reading backwards forces you to read with “new eyes”, and you’ll notice things about the document you may have missed before.
  3. Get a friend to proofread it again. They will notice any mistakes you missed, and they may remember things about your work history or skills that you forgot to mention. …Click to read more…

The Five Resume Elements

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There are five important pieces of information your resume should contain:

  1. Name and contact information
  2. Education
  3. Professional Experience (work history)
  4. Skills and Qualifications
  5. Other relevant information about you, such as achievements, awards, etc.

Contact information always appears first, but the order of the other four sections can vary. If you are a recent graduate applying for your first job, education should appear first. Generally, if you have been working for five years or longer, your professional experience should appear first. Putting your skills and qualifications first can deemphasize any gaps in your employment history.

Notice that “objective statement” is not included on the list. In most cases, these are not needed at all. Everyone has the same objective: to get a job. Save some space and just leave it off.

Instead, consider beginning with a professional summary. The objective statement is all about what you want. The summary is about what your employer wants, and what you have to offer. The summary should be one to three sentences about you, your background, and the skills you are selling to your employer.

Objective: A position at Acme Widgets, Inc. where I can utilize my management skills

The employer doesn’t care what you want. Instead, focus on what you can offer them:

Summary: Server with eight years of award-winning customer service

Summary: Dedicated Retail Store Manager with a decade of experience in sales, display merchandising, and purchasing

Summary: Accomplished marketing representative leading campaigns in social media

1. Contact Information

Label any telephone numbers as (Home), (Work), (Cell), etc. If you include multiple telephone numbers, put the one you are most likely to answer at the top.

The email address you use should be professional and based on your name – first and last, first initial and last, or some variation. If you create a second email account for professional purposes, make sure you actually check it!

Do not include your full physical address. Employers don’t really need it, and anything unnecessary should be taken out of your resume. In most cases, a full address can only hurt you. Employers might think your commute would be too long, or that you might not be able to relocate. …Click to read more…