Disability Rights and Employment: An Introductory Guide

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This guide is a brief introduction to standard disability employment rights. This guide is for informational purposes only, and is not legal advice. For questions about your personal employment situation or legal issue, consult an attorney.

What rights do employees with disabilities have?

Discriminating against employees or job applicants on the basis of disability is prohibited by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). This protection against discrimination includes all aspects of employment, including the application process, hiring, firing, pay, and promotion.

Who is considered to have a disability?

A “disability” is an impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity. If you have a medical condition that negatively affects your ability to do activities such as walk, communicate, hear, see, or eat, then you may have a disability and be protected by the ADA. …Click to read more…

Report from The Conference Board Shows Advantages to Hiring People With Disabilities

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The Conference Board, an international business research organization, has issued a report that shows the many benefits businesses can reap when they hire workers with disabilities. “Leveling the Playing Field: Attracting, Engaging, and Advancing People with Disabilities” takes a detailed look at the economic and social case for hiring people with disabilities, and explains the steps businesses can take to recruit these valuable workers.

Some of the key benefits: …Click to read more…

Employment Rights of People with Specific Disabilities

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The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has published four revised documents on protection against disability discrimination. These new resources address how the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) applies to job applicants and employees with cancer, diabetes, epilepsy, and intellectual disabilities. The documents cover questions like:

  • May employers ask applicants if they have a disability or about their medical treatment before making a job offer?
  • Does the ADA require applicants to disclose their disability before accepting a job offer?
  • When may employers ask an employee whether their disability or medical condition is causing performance problems?
  • May employers ask for documentation when an employee with a disability requests a reasonable accommodation?

…Click to read more…