The Three Types of Resume (Helpful Guide with Samples)

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Whether you’re writing your first resume or updating your resume for the hundredth time, it’s important to consider the different resume types and when to use them. There are three basic resume formats: chronological, functional, and a combination or hybrid. 

1. Chronological Resume

When most people think of resumes, they think of the chronological resume. The chronological format should probably be called “reverse chronological format”, as it lists each job starting with the most recent and moving backwards.

The chronological format is designed to highlight the progression and growth of a professional life. For the job hunter, this format is the easiest to write.

Most employers prefer the chronological resume type. For the employer, this format is the easiest to follow and read. Some employers will have only ever seen this type of resume, and may be a little thrown off by a different format.

However, the chronological format can deemphasize skills and personal strengths. Because it is focused on past jobs, it can make changing careers or employment tracks more difficult. The chronological format emphasizes time and dates, which can be a big disadvantage for anyone with short-term employment or employment gaps. This can be a particular drawback for anyone who has had to take time away from working due to illness or disability. …Click to read more…

How To Name A Resume File

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Resume File Names Matter

When you are emailing your resume or uploading it to a job board, it is important to name the file correctly. You might only have one file on your computer named “Resume.doc”, but the HR manager will have hundreds. Your resume could get lost, or even accidentally replaced by another file with the same name.

Instead, include your full name in the file name. If you are only applying for jobs in one field or profession, consider putting that in the file name as well. So, your resume file name might end up “John_Smith_Resume.doc”, or “Jame_Smith_Journalist_Resume.pdf.”

Finally, note those file extensions: .doc and .pdf. Unless the employer requests something different, those are the only two file types you should use. You don’t want to miss out on a job because you sent your resume in a file they can’t open!

For more quick tips, browse the Career Resources menu above.



Ten Resume Quick Tips

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Your resume has about 30 seconds to make a good first impression. Keep it to one page, and make this the best single page of writing you’ve ever written. To help you in this tremendous task, here are ten resume quick tips:

  1. Proofread, and proofread again. Don’t rely on spellcheck to catch every mistake! Spellcheck can’t tell if you meant to write “oversee” or “oversea”.
  2. Read backwards. When you have read and re-read the same document, you can become too familiar with the text, and it becomes easy to miss mistakes. The second or third time you proofread, read your resume backwards, sentence by sentence. Reading backwards forces you to read with “new eyes”, and you’ll notice things about the document you may have missed before.
  3. Get a friend to proofread it again. They will notice any mistakes you missed, and they may remember things about your work history or skills that you forgot to mention. …Click to read more…